Rural Women: Self-Organization, Training and Coordination

Finalist 2013

Institution
SOF Serviço de Orientação da Família
Address
Rua Ministro Costa e Silva, 36. - Pinheiros
Email
tica@sof.org.br
Phone
(11) 3819-3876
Responsible for technology
NamePhoneEmailSocial Networks
Maysa Mourão Miguel(11) 3819-3876maysa@sof.org.br
Technology Summary

The self-organization of women is the focus of this social technology. It is a method conducting the training of women as socio-political-economic agents and collectively facilitating their greater access to public policies and autonomy.

Main Theme

Education

Problem Solved

At the end of the years 1980, the search for the economic and social autonomy of rural women was strengthened by women's movements in the field. They claimed recognition for women as agricultural workers, equal access to the land and to social rights. In spite of their recognition as bearers of rights in the Federal Constitution of 1988, their daily life continued to be characterized by exclusion, in spite of a set of policies written for them. In the context of family farming, there is a clear lack of recognition for women's work, both in the garden and with small animals, because this is seen as an extension of their domestic chores, since these activities are generally connected to family consumption and are not paid for. This has an impact on their participation in the economic management of their homes and limits their participation in activities in the public sphere. The organization of women based on feminine workshops, their training and articulation for productive organization was the social technology developed to face the daily inequalities suffered by women in the rural milieu, to broaden their autonomy and their access to public policies.

Solution Adopted

The social technology for feminine training and articulation has the singularity of the self-organization of women, an instrument for training and consolidating collective actors as a strategy to promote their autonomy through socio-political-economic protagonism in their community, and to broaden their access to public policies for their gender in the field. This solution is based on the training method developed by the SOF since the first years of the '90's, based on a technical, theoretical and political view of a feminist character: a conception for the collective construction of knowledge and education as a whole process in which persons are seen as agents of transformation. This method has as one of its main results the strengthening of organizational processes that reverse the correlation of forces previously unfavorable to women, in their private and public lives. As a methodological strategy, it has the purpose of building an educational process founded on dialogue, exchange of information and interaction of knowledge. This work to train and articulate rural women was conducted in 50 Territories of Citizenship (TCs) along four years, of which we stress the one conducted in the South of the State of Amapa. In the TCs, the implementation of this social technology included: women motivation, seminars and workshops, articulation of women through meetings in their communities and in contact with public managers. These were moments when women could present their demands, thus participating in the construction of a participative process in the implementation of policies. The structure needed for activities carried out with this method of feminist training involves: warming up, development of the topic and evaluation. Warming up has the goal of attracting people to the activity. The development of the topic is always begun with group dynamics to define how the group perceives the subject. When the group finishes its presentation and before debating the content, a question is asked about how they felt. The meaning of this question is to begin what is called processing, in psychodrama, which means studying the feelings, stereotypes, potential conflicts and reticences. For this reason it is important to reserve enough time for such moment. Still in this phase, room is given for comments on the content presented: what seemed equal and what looked different, referring the groups or persons and their opinions and doubts. Then a review is done, with the help of a report about the contents dealt with by the group in this process. One more round of questions is opened. Finally a group dynamics is used for evaluation. Once more they are asked about how they felt during all the process. To carry out the actions of this social technology that are specific for rural women, a strategy was created to ensure their participation, considering days and hours, in the light of the domestic chores and tasks carried out mainly by women. Another concern is the assurance of areas for child recreation, because the lack of public facilities like day nurseries in the rural area forces many women to take their children to their activities. Together with the offer of information on public policies, there were debates about the processes generating inequality between women and men, their causes and effects on the life of women. In this way, the educational and informative work about public policies tried to constitute a common view of women, not only about how inequalities become present in their lives, but also, in this perspective, how the organization of women is able to induce real change. This social technology was succesfful, considering it had as a central purpose the self organization of women, to train the social agents necessary to broaden the access of women to public policies in their region.

Technology Attachments
LegendDownload
Formação e Articulação com Mulheres Rurais nos Territórios da Cidadania - ações para ampliar o acesso às políticas públicas do MDABaixar
Políticas para Mulheres Rurais nos Territórios da Cidadania - formação e articulaçãoBaixar
Organização Produtiva das Mulheres Rurais nos Territórios da Cidadania. Com texto: "As conquistas das mulheres rurais no Sul do Amapá"Baixar
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Last modified date: 9/16/16 11:54 AM