Jaborandi Extractive Community: Biodiversity and Income Generation

Finalist 2013

Institution
INSTITUTO FLORAVIDA
Address
Povoado de Rosápolis, S/N - Zona Rural
Email
fabricia@floravida.org.br
Phone
(86) 3315-3122
Responsible for technology
NamePhoneEmailSocial Networks
Fabrícia Meireles Menezes da Silva(86) 9431-1701fabricia@floravida.org.brskype: briciabio
Technology Summary

The Vegeflora Extractive Company, the Floravida Institute and the German Cooperation Institute (GIZ) began a Project for the Valuation of Jaborandi, which promotes the sustainable management of the jaborandi plant and the conservation of biodiversity, by supporting the organization of the productive base of family farmers dedicated to collecting Jaborandi (Pilocarpus microphylus, a plant used for medical purposes that exists only in the North and Northeast of Brazil).

Main Theme

Environment

Problem Solved

The territories of Cocais, in the State of Piaui, Mata Roma and Barra do Corda, in Maranhao and Sao Felix do Xingu, in Para, are the areas of strongest extraction of jaborandi. These regions of Northeastern and Northern Brazil have not only the greatest incidence of that species, but also its most intensive traditional use by the rural communities. It is often essential for their maintenance. However, the disorganized and unregulated extraction in the last 50 years, with only a few initiatives for sustainable management, together with deforestation pressures for cattle-raising and agriculture resulted in the near extinction of jaborandi. Nowadays the species is on the list of Species Threatened by Extinction in the Brazilian Flora (Normative Ruling # 06, of 23 September 2008, by the Environment Ministry). Jaborandi occurs only in the aforementioned regions of Brazil and in no other countries. This makes its preservation especially important, for medical use. Deforestation has a very negative environmental impact, because it deletes the characteristics of the natural habitat and damages the whole ecosystem.

Solution Adopted

This working method contemplates participatory approaches that foster the empowerment of the communities harvesting jaborandi. For a better visualization of the process, the method is divided into parts containing 5 phases: 1) diagnosis; 2) organization of the extractive base; 3) development of the Plans of Management and Payment for Environmental Services (PSA in Portuguese); 4) training and motivation of those involved in the productive chain; and 5) continued monitoring and improvement. 1st Phase: dissemination of the project and mobilization; meetings in the communities to identify harvesters; municipal meetings with landowners; information about the Plan of Forest Management (steps and preconditions); meetings with middlemen; visits to the areas; systematization of diagnosis; 2nd Phase: 1- Workshops of participative planning to draw a proposition for the sustainable exploitation of jaborandi, 2- Historical record and current situation of jaborandi extraction, from the viewpoint of those involved. 3-Organization of a managing committee: regimen, price, costs of production, contracts, purchase and sales logistics, management, technical assistance and training. 3rd Phase: presentation of a form to evaluate properties with a potential for the exploitation of jaborandi; selection and priorization of properties for the preparation of a Management Plan; preparation of the Plan itself; registration and follow up in public institutions; obtention of an Authorization for Exploitation (AuTex in Portuguese); signing of contracts of Properties Under Management (PSA), according to the production volume registered in the inventory; valuation of properties under management; renewal of PSA contracts after monitoring of the area and confirmation of conformity to the Plan of Management (pruning techniques and preservation of certain individuals). 4th Phase: 1- Carrying out of training workshops for landowners, collectors, middlemen and others; environmental education and study of legislation; management of jaborandi (collecting techniques, frequency of collection, effects of collection); management and cooperativism; commercialization; quality control and others. 2- Creation of nurseries in settlements, communities and properties; 3- Identification of areas for reforestation with jaborandi; 4- Organization of a field day for reforestation with jaborandi; 5- Follow up and assessment. 5th Phase: Continued monitoring and improvement: debate on public policies for the collection of jaborandi; monitoring of areas under management; research and analysis of environmental impacts, to guide future decisions and systematize project data.

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Last modified date: 9/16/16 11:51 AM